When an angler says “Carp” they may be referring to several types of fish. This includes silver carp, common carp, grass carp, crucian carp, catla carp, black carp, mud carp, bighead carp, and more.
Carp are big, freshwater fish native to Europe and Asia. And although their habitat is the same, their diet can vary according to species.
Some feed on aquatic plants, some on insects and crustaceans, and some on small marine life.
And if you want your carp fishing to be successful, you need to know which species you’re fishing for and what equipment to use. In this guide, I’ll tell you all the details you need to know before going on your carp-fishing adventure.
Take Safety Precautions
When you’re on a fishing trip –especially if you’re on a boat- you have to have a first aid kit prepared for any emergency. It should contain at least alcohol pads, sterile gauze, bandages, and scissors.
There are some areas where the lack of a proper first aid kit is against the law, so make sure yours abides by the laws of the area you’re fishing in.
For many reasons, including knowing what to wear, checking the weather is very important. If you’re going to be fishing from a boat, you should have a life vest prepared.
Wearing camo can actually help you catch more carp fish as casual wear such as fancy shirts may bring their attention to foreign presence above water.
Use a Swivel
To make your battle against carp fish easier and increase the chances of reeling them in successfully, use a swivel. This is because carp violently move and twist once they're hooked.
Use a Fish Finder
Carp fish will probably be hanging around areas with a lot of underwater plants and mud. Fishfinders are the best way that you can identify these places and know where to aim your casts. They let you know the location and the amount of fish you can find in a particular area.
Weights and Floaters
Since carp are bottom-feeders, you should make sure that there’s enough weight on your line to pull the bait down.
Carp don't bite onto the bait right away. Instead, they nibble a little before. That's why you should always be prepared to reel one in once your floater starts moving differently.
The standard carp fishing rod is around 12 feet long with a 2.75-pound test curve. But there are still different rods for different situations. Here are some tips that could help you pick the right one for your specific target species.
If you’re nearer to the ends of the water, go for a shorter rod, about a 9 or 10-foot rod. These help give you an enhanced sense of involvement. However, they’re a little harder to maneuver when you’re fighting against a craftier carp.
Longer casts require longer rods that are sensitive to the bites of fish. So go for a 13-foot one if you're going to cast your bait far from where you're standing. You should also try increasing the pound rating of your line –go for a 3-pound one.
Because you can never be sure where the fish will be when you’re out on your trip, it’s always a wise idea to bring differently-sized rods. A 9-foot one and a 12-foot one is a good combination that could fit various situations.
Use a strong line
The strength of your line depends on the size of your target fish and how fiercely they fight.
Carp are variously-sized, but they all put up an intense fight with a lot of twisting and turning.
So I recommend using braided fishing lines with a reliable tensile strength to eliminate the possibility of the line breaking.
Bring extra line with you
No matter how strong and reliable you think your line is, breaks could always happen. It doesn’t take up much space or weigh you down, so there’s no reason why you shouldn’t pack a little more than enough line with you.
Use barbed hooks
Once a carp fish realizes it’s been hooked, it becomes quite frantic. They’re also very good at breaking away. So using a barbed hook reduces the chances of the fish escaping once it catches onto the hook.
Use more than one hook simultaneously
Carp fish usually hang in groups, so there’s a good chance more fish will bite onto your hook once one of them does.
Choose your hook color well
Carp fish hang at the bottom and like the muddy environment, and that's why the visibility of your hook may not be that high. You should use matte back lures in murky waters or golden ones in clear water.
You may be tempted to try using shiny bait, but that’s not a good idea as it would only make the carp shy away.
Lures and Baits
It's a good thing that carp aren't picky eaters. They'll go for chickpeas, simple carp pellets, and maggots.
One thing that seems to work quite effectively is sweet, canned corn. Carp fish like the salty-sweet combination of it. But the color also plays a role, so using similar colors would also do the job.
You can also use boilies. These are made out of fish or cow protein and contain grains and eggs.
Use artificial bait to your favor
Although it’s not that easy to catch carp fish, using the right artificial bait can go a long way. Use artificial worms and grubs to grab their attention and entice them to bite.
If you cast directly to where your carp are, that would most probably scare them away.
You should cast your line to be carried down by the current, and then the fish will make their way to you naturally.
Tip: During colder weather, cast more often. When the water is cold, carp tend to move more slowly, so changing the spot in which you cast can help you get to your fish faster.
Although getting a carp to bite onto your hook isn’t very difficult, how to reel them in and how to win the fight may not be as easy. It’s not impossible, however, if you use the right techniques, lures, and equipment.
Those and some patience is all you need to maximize your catches.