Category Archives for "Knowledge Base"

How to Choose a Fishing Line for Spinning Reels

How to Choose The Best Fishing Line for Spinning Reels

Spinning reels are the predominant reels in the fishing world due to their affordable price and shorter learning curve.

And while almost all type of fishing lines can be spooled onto a spinning reel, there are some features that distinguish one from the other.

Moreover, each line is more suitable for different purposes and making the wrong purchase can be quite costly.

So if you want to know how to pick the ideal line, you should understand that there are 3 types: Braid, Fluorocarbon, and Monofilament line. Pay attention to the next things.

1. Line Diameter

The line diameter is usually given in mm or inches and it refers to the width of the fishing line.

It has an impact on many fishing properties. Firstly, larger diameter lines cause more friction between the line on the spool, which in turn reduces the distance of castability.

While it’s not a drastic difference, it can still be important if you want that extra distance.

Moreover, line diameter also has an impact on how your lures will move in the water due to the generated water resistance against the line.

Of course, some fish are warier than others. So if you know you're fishing for those, you should aim for a smaller-diameter line to minimize the disturbance in the water.

Generally, smaller fishing line diameter means a capability to cast further, more line on the reel, superior lure action. However, it’ll also mean that the line would sink quicker.

2. Line Color

Many of the lines on the market nowadays have color options. Especially braided line.

Colorful lines help you either camouflage the line in order for it to blend easier in the water or to be more visible to the angler if the line has vibrant colors. The latter helps the angler locate their lure in the water more easily.

If you're going to be fishing in a lake or somewhere with natural vegetation, neutral colors like grays and olives will be great for camouflage.

On the other hand, red and yellow-colored lines will give you more visibility to understand where your bait is in the water and how it's behaving.

3. The durability of the Line

Whatever your choice is between the 3 lines, it’s bound to start breaking and losing its strength with time.

However, they differ in the way they’re affected. Braided line, for example, dulls and frays.

While on the other hand, monofilament and fluorocarbon lines breakdown due to the effects of ultraviolet rays and water absorption.

So choosing the right line for your fishing trip depends on your background regarding how long you'll be in the sun. If you're going to be fishing from a boat with nowhere to go to for shade, you should go for braided instead of monofilament or fluorocarbon lines.

4. The Line Twist

The twisting of the line is also as inevitable as its fraying and breaking down.

And although the spinning reel itself may affect the frequency of twisting depending on the bearing system on it, the line you use may also have an impact on the rate.

Monofilament and fluorocarbon lines are more prone to twisting than braid because of their innate structure.

5. Line Strength or Pound Test

Line strength simply means how much weight the line can pull in without snapping.

And while whether you drag correctly has an impact on the line snapping or staying intact, the strength of the line also plays a role.

So if you’re going to be fishing for smaller fish that don’t fight that much such as panfish and crappie, there’s no need to get a line with a high pound test rating.

However, heavier fish that are known to put up a fight would require stronger lines.

6. How Much the Line Can Stretch

You want to find the breakeven point between the line stretching enough to provide you with flexibility without breaking and also not affect the hooksets.

The way you fish also has a say in the degree of flexibility or stretch of your line.

A line with low stretch would be more suitable for the high sensitivity needed when you drop the bait below your boat and wait for a catch.

On the other hand, less sensitivity and therefore more stretch is needed when you’re using topwater baits. This helps counter the strike’s shock factor.

7. The Line’s Memory

A rule of thumb is that the lower memory line is, the better the line is and less likely to tangle your rod or your reel.

High memory lines will float and twist above water instead of sinking as the weight doesn’t hold it down.

Final Thoughts

Depending on your style of fishing, your target type of fish, and your circumstances, each line would either help or obstruct you.

Monofilament line is more affordable than the other two options, and that’s why it’s a very common choice among anglers.

However, it has a lot of stretch so it's less sensitive then braided or fluorocarbon lines.

On top of that, it has noticeable spool memory.

Fluorocarbon usually acts as a leader material and not used to fill an entire spool.

This is because it’s less visible as it’s colorless –another reason it’s the best option for fishing in clear water.

Furthermore, it has less line memory and less stretch than monofilament line.

Take care that some lines are only fluorocarbon-coated. This means that they'll act more as monofilament than fluorocarbon lines.

On the other hand, braid lines are made up of several strands so it's very strong.

It has almost no stretch properties so it's incredibly sensitive.

However, it frays and is more prone to breaking in a shorter period of time than the other lines would suffer from UV and water absorption.

On top of that, it's quite visible in water so it would probably scare fish away if you use it in clear water.

How To Choose a Fish Finder

How to choose a fish finder

Technology has really made its way to all aspects of our lives, and fishing is not an exception. Fish finders are an amazing invention that allows you to easily locate your fish and multiply your catches.

When you’re shopping the best fish finders on the market, there are a few features that will help you pick the one that’ll suit you the most.

1. Transducers and Their Material

A transducer is an essential building block in every fish finder. They’re the part that sends out and receives sonar waves.

The waves that are emitted into the water and bounce off different objects to return to your transducer and provide you with all the data and information you need.

Understanding the different types of mounts will help you pick the suitable transducer mount for you.

Bigger boats will require a thru-hull mount. On the other hand, a transom mount will be suitable for most boats and is quite easy to install.

2. Beams and Cone Angles

An important aspect of the transducer is its cone angle. The cone angle determines the width of the beam emitted into the water from your boat.

The wider the cone, the larger the area your beam will cover, and the more fish that will be visible on your fish finder’s screen.

The cones of the transducer can range from as little as 9 degrees to as huge as 60 degrees.

The larger the number, of course, the more the range stays solid despite the depth.

A good average cone degree would be 20 degrees –something that fits someone who’s starting out and wants to experiment in different water depths.

Some transducers come with the ability to emit more than one cone from a single point. This includes double beam, triple beam, and even a side beam –depending on how advanced the transducer is.

The deeper and wider the water body is, the more important it is to have a transducer with multiple beams.

3. GPS capability

Although the GPS feature isn’t found on all fish finders out there, it’s a feature that’s definitely a huge bonus.

With GPS, you can mark waypoints for your return, download pre-made maps for various bodies of water and their underwater topography.

You can view all the objects beside or beneath your boat and thereby find the best fishing locations.

Some advanced ones even have advanced individualized cartography and navigation to give you a degree of customizability.

4. Quality and Size of the Display Screen

It’s important to pay attention to both the size and resolution of your display as they’ll certainly affect how well you view your information.

The minimum resolution you should settle for is 240 x 160 pixels. But of course, the higher the resolution is, the better.

In this particular aspect, you shouldn’t worry about spending some extra money as you’ll be paid back in the long run.

That’s why you should always buy the highest quality and largest display you can afford.

It's also a bonus if your display is in color and not black and white. The latter is evidently harder to read in direct sunlight, while the former will make reading and taking in the information a lot easier.

5. Ease of Use and Usability

There are two things that you should find easy to use and be comfortable with.

Firstly, the intangible system that enables you to customize the way the transducer gathers information to fine-tune the unit.

Some units give you the option to adjust the visibility and contrast of your device to fit your needs.

Secondly, think of the physical installation and the mounting processes –make sure they’re both easy.

If you’re going to fish in a kayak, canoe, or if you’re going to store your finder between fishing trips and change its location, make sure the previous point applies.

6. Water Temperature Probe

Experienced anglers definitely know how the water temperature affects the presence or absence of different kinds of fish.

Knowing the temperature beneath and around your boat will help you locate the fish you want to catch.

7. Custom Map-making Function

If you fish in spots that aren’t that popular such as a farm pond, a river, or a creek, then you’ll probably have a hard time finding maps or charts that give you details about the area.

That’s why custom map-making is a great option to create your own custom maps on the go and have a guide ready whenever you return to an area you’ve already covered.

Saltwater Fishing Tips, Tricks & Techniques

saltwater fishing tips and tricks

If you’re going to set out to sea, you need to learn a couple of things to do your fishing optimally.

In this guide, we’ll tell you all you need to know about hooks, lures, techniques, lines, and saltwater spinning reels.

Tips on How to Fish in Saltwater

Know Your Environment

The first thing you should be aware of is the difference between freshwater and saltwater fishing.

If you’re fishing in saltwater, your reel, line guides, and any metallic hardware attached to the rod are all prone to corrosion and rust that greatly reduces the efficiency of your equipment.

Don’t stress too much about this though. You can easily extend the longevity of your fishing equipment by washing it down with fresh water every time you’re back from a saltwater fishing trip.

Finishing up by spraying the reel with silicon-based lubricants like WD-40 also helps extend its durability.

Although saltwater spinning reels usually have a sturdier build than ones designated for freshwater fishing, you still should do your part in keeping it functional.

Keep Your Hook and Bait in Proportion

Always make sure your hook size is close to the size of the bait you plan to use.

If it’s too big, it’ll look out of place and deter the fish away.

If it’s too small, a fish could miss the hook during a strike and run away with the bait.

Generally, the best hooks you can use in saltwater are the J hook, the live bait hook, and the circle hook.

J hooks are best for fishing with strip bait or chunk bait and enable you to apply multiple hooks to the bait to secure it.

On the other hand, live bait hooks allow your bait to swim freely to give off a natural air that induces a lot of strikes from hungry fish.

And finally, circle hooks are best for hooking in the corner of your catch instead of going to deep into its gullet. This is very beneficial when it comes to releasing the fish without inflicting any damage on it.

A Weak Knot is Not a Reliable Knot

Learning to tie strong knots is crucial when it comes to keeping your main line connected to your hook or lure, and consequently crucial to catching big saltwater fish.

You can use the double Palomar for its ease of tying and reliability. The uni knot is another good choice as it’s firm, easy to tie, and versatile. The Bimini twist is great because it maintains all of its strength when ties.

Use The Tides To Your Favor

It’s always a wise choice to arrive at your fishing spot around an hour before the scheduled peak of the high tide and continue fishing for around half an hour from then on.

Test The Drag

After threading your line through the guides, pull it off gradually while holding the rod at about 45 degrees.

If the tip of the rod moves up and done as you pull the line against the drag, you should have it checked at the tackle shop.

Test The Guides for Cracks

Detecting cracked guides is a bit of a tough job as you can only tell if the rod is under load.

Pull a piece of cotton wool or stocking through the guides to check for any cracks and send your rod to the tackle shop if you do find any so that you avoid any damage to your lines.

Make Use of The locals’ Knowledge

The local tackle fish would probably have info regarding the area you plan to fish in. They’ll provide you with the best strategies and the best baits to use at the time of the year.

Explore Sunken Objects

You should get yourself informed on the places and structures your fish like to hang out around.

You can find a lot of information on the internet that guides you to both natural and artificial structures in the area you’re fishing in.

Find The Right Boat

A boat is a pretty important factor when it comes to saltwater fishing. Depending on the number of people that are going to be on the trip, you can be in a simple rowboat or in a yacht.

Make sure you’re on a sturdy boat that won’t be too affected by strong waves, some rocks, or bumps on the beach sand.

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